本文译自白宫官网(1月4日)

英文标题:President Trump Sends a Letter on Border Security to Congress

May 译,万吉庆 校

尊敬的国会议员:

首先,我要向南希·佩洛西及其团队表示祝贺,祝贺她成功当选众议院议长。我期待着我们一起解决我们一致认可的美国人民的当务之急:诸如重建我们的基础设施、改革不公平的贸易协议以及降低处方药的价格。近来,经过两党的通力合作,我们在刑事司法改革、阿片类药物立法和农业法案方面取得了丰硕成果,这表明我们如果超越党派政治的藩篱,着眼于促进国家的整体利益,就有可能取得非凡的成就。

 

在新一届国会开始之际,我们当务之急是重启政府,履行我们作为民选官员的首要职责:保障国家及其边境的安全。

 

任何一个主权国家,都有权利制订符合本国利益的移民政策:合法地接纳那些遵守规则的人,同时拒绝违反规则或不合法律要求的移民。

 

一个不能有效控制边境的国家,将无法履行对公民的最基本的义务:人身安全、经济安全、基本的公共服务和一致的法律保护。

 

本周三,我很高兴与国会领袖在白宫会面,共同讨论边境安全危机、通过政府预算案的必要性,以确保边境安全和保障美国人的安全。

 

会谈期间,我们就这场危机的性质和程度及其对美国人的影响展开了激烈辩论。我本希望国土安全部长尼尔森有机会发言,就南部边境的人道主义危机和安全危机的严峻性事实展开讨论。

 

然而,出席会议的一些人当时不想听这个报告,于是,我决定亲自向全体国会议员做这场报告。我希望你们能仔细审议,与你们的参谋共同商讨,并与其他议员讨论。在制定国土安全法案时,我们必须以事实为依据,而不是以意识形态和花言巧语的辞令为基础,而且,我们应听取边境一线执法人员的意见。南部边境是一个非常危险的地方——事实上,边境巡逻人员经常遇到世界上一些最危险的罪犯、犯罪集团和贩毒者。

 

有效的边境安全必须要大幅减少非法移民、犯罪分子和毒品的入境;必须防止恐怖分子、对公共安全构成威胁的人以及根据美国法律不得入境的那些人入境;必须确保将那些未经合法许可而入境的人迅速安全地遣返回国。

 

附件的报告讲得很清楚,目前的资金水平、资源和当局权力远远不足以应对当前的问题。我们的南部边境已经失控,陷于危机状态。目前的资金严重不足。

 

2018财政年度,美国海关和边境保护局(CBP)和边境警力在边境共逮捕了17 000名有犯罪前科的成年人。

在2017财年和2018财年,移民及海关执法局(ICE)官员在美国境内逮捕了大约23.5万名面临各种刑事指控或定罪的外国人,其中包括大约10万名人身袭击者、3万名性犯罪者和4000名逃犯。

在南部边境,目前平均每月有6万名非法和不得入境的外国人入境。

单单上个月,就有2万多名未成年人被贩运到美国。

移民法庭积压了近80万起案件。

在过去的五年,申请庇护的人数增加了2000%,其中增长最快的来自中美洲,尽管中美洲移民十分之九的申请最终被移民法庭驳回,而申请人早已被释放到美国境内。

在2017财年,大约有135000个非法和不得入境的中美洲家庭抵达。其中,因为执法能力的不足和联邦法律的明显漏洞,只有不到2%的家庭被成功遣返。

到目前为止的2019财年,家庭单位数量比2018财年上升280%。

每周有300名美国人死于海洛因,其中90%的海洛因由南部边境流入。

非法移民是一种人道主义危机:每3名女性移民就有1人在北上前往美国边境的途中遭到性侵;每天有50名非法移民接受紧急医疗;美国海关和边境保护局(CBP)每年营救4300名处于险境的人。

 

从任何标准看,非法移民(现象)都不代表进步:它是不公平的、不公正的、无情的、残酷的。许多人被害。这既伤害了在旅途中艰难跋涉的人群,也伤害了那些遭受生命、安全和金钱损失的(美国)社区。

 

参议员查克·舒默(Chuck Schumer)曾经说过:“简单说,非法移民是错误的。除非我们能够让美国人民相信,我们能阻止非法移民的进一步涌入,否则,我们在处理目前在美的数以百万计的非法移民以及完善合法移民制度方面,将不会取得任何进展。这是显而易见的也是必然的。”

 

首先,建一堵能够阻止移民进入的墙或物理屏障,对边境安全和国家安全至关重要。两党议员——包括当时的两位参议员奥巴马、克林顿,现任参议员舒默,以及参众两院的许多其他成员——都投票赞成建立一个坚固的物理屏障。修建围墙管用。这就是为什么有钱有势的成功人士会在他们的住宅周围建墙。所有的美国人都理应受到同样的保护。在以色列,这种做法99%有效。

 

我们还必须填补美国防御体系中的法律漏洞。联邦法律阻止遣返(非法移民)的漏洞,正在源源不断地吸引非法移民的涌入,也为恶毒的犯罪集团提供了有利可图的商业模式,同时压垮了美国的移民系统。最糟糕的漏洞是鼓励贩运未成年人。在这些法律漏洞下,一个非法的未成年人,或者那些与未成年人同行的人,只要踏上美国领土,就无法将他们遣返回国。这就解释了在前往美国边境的危险旅途中,独自动身的未成年人,以及陪同成年人出发的未成年人急剧攀升的原因。

 

为了保护这些儿童不受虐待,并制止这种非法入境,我们必须填补这些漏洞。这是人道主义的迫切需要。儿童为了成功地进入我们国家,沦为犯罪分子和犯罪集团的工具,他们是最大的受害者。

 

迫切需要修改的法律如下:

 

终止《弗洛雷斯调解协议》,因为这个协议阻止(非法移民家庭)在遣返过程中保持一家团聚。

修订《保护人口贩运受害者再授权法》,允许(政府)将非法贩运的未成年人安全人道地遣返回本国。

 

在非法移民问题上,美国政府数十年来一直失信于人民。现在时候到了,两党理应超越党派纷争,抛开政治利益、把国家利益置于首位。现在时候到了——就是此时此刻——让我们最终确保边境安全和建立合法安全的移民制度,这是美国人以及那些想成为美国人的人所应得的。

 

唐纳德·川普

※ 译文来自网络,良知传媒转载。如有侵权请联系我们处理。

 

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