参议院外交委员会亚太小组委员会首席民主党成员爱德华·马基(Sen. Edward Markey, D-MA)

在中国大规模监禁维吾尔人、人权状况日益恶化之际,美国参议员呼吁川普政府能在最高领导人层面提出美国的人权关切。

来自麻塞诸塞州民主党籍参议员爱德华·马基(Edward J. Markey )在美国国会参议院外交关系委员会亚太小组委员会星期二有关中国人权的听证会上说:“我们必须从最高层面这么做,从总统开始,因为没有总统办公室的支持,我们无法令人信服的捍卫人权。”

在川普总统前往阿根廷出席G20峰会并与中国国家主席习近平会面之前,美国多位议员曾敦促总统在特习会上提出中国把大量少数民族穆斯林关押在拘留营的问题。

马基参议员问:“川普总统在G20的讨论中是否向习近平主席提出了人权问题?这种对话,任何有关人权议题的对话,是否在川普总统和习近平主席之间发生?”

作证的美国国务院负责东亚及太平洋事务的代理副助理国务卿石露蕊(Laura Stone)表示她没有出席会议,但是强调,在边缘场合(on the margins), 政府肯定会提出这些问题。

这个回答似乎没有让马基参议员满意。

他说道:“我认为您用的是边缘这个词,这无法保证,也没有证据显示总统本人提出了这个问题。这是唯一最终可以起作用的层级,尤其是,川普总统和习近平主席会面的时候,这是可以非常坚定表达美国价值观的时候,让习近平了解,美国愿意为维持在全球人权议题上的领导地位付出代价。但明显,这没有发生。”

新疆维吾尔人被大量关押的问题近来受到国际社会的强烈关注。在听证会上作证的国务院负责民主、人权和劳工事务的副助理国务卿斯科特•巴斯比(Scott Busby)说,美国政府根据情报机构信息和公开报道得出的评估是,自2017年4月以来,中国当局拘押了至少80万,也可能是超过200万的维吾尔人和其他穆斯林少数群体。

“这是令人震惊的。”来自维吉尼亚州民主党籍参议员蒂姆·凯恩(Tim Kaine)说。凯恩参议员和鲁比奥等六位参议员7月曾致信国务卿蓬佩奥,要求其关注自由亚洲电台六名维族记者家人被中国当局关押一事。凯恩参议员说,他至今尚未得到国务院的答复。

石露蕊说,中国大规模拘押并利用高科技监控技术系统性压迫维吾尔等少数群体也许是中国自文化大革命之后最严重的人权危机。她表示,国务卿蓬佩奥在多个场合就此提出了关切,国务院官员也与维吾尔离散群体见面,并与美国执法部门合作以应对在美维吾尔人被骚扰的问题。她表示,美国在各地的使馆也在为新疆教育营的幸存者提供帮助。

她还说,国务院正在领导一项政府间跨部门的合作,审议并研究应对新疆问题的涉及整个政府层面的战略,包括向侵犯人权的中国官员问责、阻止中国使用美国产品和服务在新疆做这些可怕的行径、加强世界范围内的外交和公共外交努力。她表示,如果要根本上改变中国在新疆的所作所为,国际社会必须一起行动。

对于美国政府在新疆问题上已经采取的行动,来自佛罗里达州共和党籍参议员鲁比奥不满美国没有与其他国家的驻华大使一样签署一封给新疆自治区党委书记陈全国的联名信。15个主要为欧洲国家的驻华大使上个月联名起草的信函要求会见陈全国,要求他对新疆的情况做出解释。

鲁比奥说:“我只是想说,我们在此抱怨其他国家做得不够,但是当他们真正做了什么的时候,我们却连一封信都不签。我不知道这个决定是作为更广泛与中国关系的一部分在华盛顿做出的,还是大使做出的。但我认为这是一个大错。”

参议院外交关系委员会亚太小组委员会主席、来自科罗拉多州共和党籍参议员科里·加德纳(Cory Gardner)认为,应该要有官员去新疆看一下,虽然国务院官员表示,是否能成行还是要取决于中国政府是否同意。

他说:“我敦促大使去访问,提出访问的请求,我敦促我们尽一切所能,让联合国负责考察的人员立即去那里。这是不能接受的,我们(与中国)每天有数十亿美元的贸易额,但最可怕的人权侵犯却在我们的眼皮底下发生。”

中国政府称,维吾尔人和其他穆斯林少数民族是在所谓的 “职业技能培训中心”学习汉语、法律知识和安身立命的技能。

中国外交部发言人华春莹曾就15国驻华大使信函的问题回应表示,“如果驻华大使们愿意带着善意去新疆,我们当然是欢迎的。”。她说:“如果抱着恶意和偏见,试图干预中国内政,我们是坚决拒绝的”。

除了新疆问题,星期二的听证会还讨论了中国人权的其他方面,包括藏人和其他宗教团体、维权人士遭受迫害、中国支持缅甸政府的罗兴亚人政策。

马基参议员认为,在人权问题上,可以通过联合国人权理事会向中国施加额外的压力、发出强有力的声音,但是美国现在退出了人权理事会。

国务院负责民主、人权和劳工事务的副助理国务卿巴斯比说,虽然美国退出了人权理事会,但是美国不会退出在中国人权问题上发声和行动。

转自美国之音网  本网编辑:BIN XIA

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