习近平在第二届一带一路峰会闭幕式上干杯

纽约时报今天发表文章指出,美中贸易战是第一个真正判定中共总书记习近平领导能力的机会。但习近平的表现看来并不好,不但根本没有管理好美中关系,还想学毛泽东挑战苏联般地挑战美国。

据中央社引述纽约时报发表文章指美中贸易战证明习近平领导能力不足。据文章提到,除了美中关系,习近平的另两项不足之处,一是未能提出一套前后一致的政策,阻止中国经济成长进入长期下滑;二是让中国“促成或纵容”中国公民和单位在世界各地损害中国国际声誉的行为。

报道说,这篇由日本山梨大学教授、香港时事评论员练乙铮撰写的文章指出,1949年中共建政后,无论毛泽东、邓小平还是江泽民、胡锦涛等领导人,都认识到美中关系至关重要,也都努力改善它们,进而从中获得了巨大利益。

然而,习近平却一直声势浩大地坚持强硬路线。在他领导下,反美言论在中共官媒流传,中国政府更已明确表示要挑战美国在亚洲的军事存在,对台湾、在南海采取咄咄逼人的行动,甚至派遣军舰穿过阿拉斯加附近的美国海域。

据文章指出,习近平上台后,中国意图建立一个有助于在他国政治渗透、并将高科技转出的关系网,这让美国“敲响了警钟”,连鸽派人士也建议美国须“从根本上改变对中国的看法”。但习近平对此巨变不但毫无察觉,美国总统川普发动美中贸易战更让他措手不及。

据这篇文章提到,1950年代末,毛泽东开始挑战苏联在全球共产主义运动中的领导地位,符合中国皇帝是“普天下合法统治者”的传统概念。但中国当时不够强大,毛泽东的自不量力导致苏联取消援助中国,并撤离技术专家,严重打击了中国经济。

据文章直指,习近平如今挑战美国,与毛泽东挑战苏联的做法相似,但同样来得“太猛、太早了点”。

据报道说,在经济方面,文章提到,受人口结构和债务拖累,中国几乎无法通过更多的私人投资和消费带动经济成长。更糟糕的是,由于中国经济中已经存在巨大的过剩产能,政府的刺激措施并不十分有效。然而,习近平在解决这些结构性问题上,“几乎没做什么”。

据文章指出,传统上理想的中国,是个“坚守严格的道德和行为规范的儒家国家。然而,习近平虽在国内大力反腐,但却在国外“鼓励道德堕落”,他心目中的中国是一个“爱国贼”的国家,这让所有的华人丢了面子,无辜者更可能受到草率的牵连。

据这篇文章最后说,人们普遍把习近平视为毛泽东以来最强大的中国领导人。但除非他出现严重失误,给了国内对手让他下台的足够理由,否则,经由2018年的修宪,习近平有可能终身担任国家主席。

转自法广新闻网  本网编辑:BIN XIA

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